Location: Northern Europe, bordering the Baltic Sea, Gulf of Bothnia, and Gulf of Finland, between Sweden and Russia.
The area is approximately 337,030 sq km (305,470 sq km land. 31,560 sq km water). Terrain is mostly low, flat to rolling plains interspersed with lakes and low hills. Climate consists of cold temperate; potentially subarctic, but comparatively mild because of moderating influence of the North Atlantic Current, Baltic Sea, and more than 60,000 lakes.
Population: About 5,190,785 people live in Finland.
The majority of residents are Finn(s) (93%). Other ethnic groups include Swede (6)%, Sami (0.11%), Roma (0.12%), and Tatar (0.02%). The population is concentrated on the small southwestern coastal plain. Main languages spoken are Finnish 93.4% (official), and Swedish 5.9% (official), as well as small Sami- and Russian-speaking minorities.
Religious Denomination: Evangelical Lutheran (89%), Greek Orthodox (1%), other (1%), and none (9%).
Agriculture: Products include cereals, sugar beets, potatoes; dairy cattle, and fish.
Economy: Finland has a highly industrialized, largely free-market economy, with per capita output roughly that of the UK, France, Germany, and Italy. Its key economic sector is manufacturing - principally the wood, metals, engineering, telecommunications, and electronics industries. Trade is important, with exports equaling more than one-third of GDP. Except for timber and several minerals, Finland depends on imports of raw materials, energy, and some components for manufactured goods. Because of the climate, agricultural development is limited to maintaining self-sufficiency in basic products. Forestry, an important export earner, provides a secondary occupation for the rural population.
Currency: Markka (FIM); Euro (EUR).